Wednesday, March 11, 2020
How to Get an ISBN Everything You Need to Know About ISBN Numbers How to Get an ISBN: Everything You Need to Know About ISBN Numbers Knowing how to get an ISBN as a selfAs of 2007, the ISBN is a 13-digit number. This came about in part because of the large volume of eBooks now being published every year.Knowing how to break down and interpret these 13 digits arenÃ¢â¬â¢t of much use and interest to most book readers, but for publishers and distributors, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a necessity.If you want to publish lots of books under your own publishing name then itÃ¢â¬â¢s something you may want to pay attention to. You can tell a lot about a book and its author by reading the ISBN number.The 13 digit ISBN number helps:Identify the specific titleIdentify the authorIdentify the type of book they are buyingIdentify the physical properties of that particular bookIdentify the geographical location of the publisherLetÃ¢â¬â¢s break it down and look at what all these numbers mean.Here is the ISBN for a particular book:978-3-16-148410-0YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll notice this sequence is divided into 5 number combinations. But the first three dig its Ã¢â¬Å"978Ã¢â¬ indicates that this string of numbers is for an ISBN. If we remove these digits we have:3-16-148410-0First is the initial digit, in this case: 3The 3 is the language group identifier which here indicates German. For English speaking countries a 0 or 1 is used. Numbers for language identification generally range from 1-5.Here is a list of the most common Group identifiers:0 or 1 for English2 for French3 for German4 for Japan5 for Russian7 for Peoples Republic of ChinaItÃ¢â¬â¢s worth mentioning that the rarer the language, the longer the number identifier will be. For example, Indonesia is 602 whereas Turkey is 9944. You can reference the complete list at the International ISBN Agency.Next is Ã¢â¬Å"16Ã¢â¬ . This is the Ã¢â¬Å"publisher code,Ã¢â¬ and it identifies the publisher on any book that has this number. This number can be as long as 9 digits.Ã¢â¬Å"148410Ã¢â¬ - This six-digit series represents the title of the book. The publisher assigns this t o a specific book or edition of the book, such as a hardcover version or paperback. This could be a single digit or stretch to multiple digits.Ã¢â¬Å"0Ã¢â¬ is the last digit and is known as the Ã¢â¬Å"check digitÃ¢â¬ . This number is mathematically calculated as a fixed digit. This is always a single digit.This number indicates that the rest of the ISBN numbers have been scanned and is calculated based on the other digits in the code.Where is the ISBN number on books?The ISBN is usually found above the barcode on the back of the book.However, theyre not the same.The barcode is much different than the ISBN number.This is an important distinction because:When you purchase an ISBN you donÃ¢â¬â¢t automatically get a barcodeThe barcode of your book can change, while your ISBN can remain the same.WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve already discussed what data the ISBN carries, however,the barcode includes extra information such as the bookÃ¢â¬â¢s fixed price and the currency itÃ¢â¬â¢s being sold in.B arcodes are a necessary element of your book as they allow for most retailers and distributors to scan your ISBN for retail and inventory reasons.The standard barcode is known as the EAN (European Article Number) barcode, and your barcode must be in this format to sell your book in bookstores.(Breakdown of the typical EAN barcode on the back of a book by Publisher Services)Do ISBNs expire?No, ISBN numbers never expire or go bad. In fact, if you have one from a long time ago, you can simply reconstruct it for use.But what if my old ISBN is really old and only has 10 digits?Thats not a problem, either. With this handy tool from Bowker, you can convert the ISBN easily and immediately.The Book Designer also has a great resource for learning how to reconstruct an ISBN if you finally decided to write and self-publish the book youve been thinking about since you bought the ISBN.ISBN Search: How to Find Your Books ISBNIf you want to look up the ISBN of any book out there, you can do so easi ly by visiting the website ISBNSearch.org.Youll be greeted with a screen like the one above where you will be prompted to type in the ISBN, author name, or book title.After hitting search, you will have a list of books matching your searched items with the both the 13-digit ISBN and the 10-digit, like in the example below.How to Read a BarcodeIf you look at the picture of a standard barcode, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll notice two barcodes side by side. The barcode that appears on the left is the EAN generated from the ISBN number.The other number appearing on the right is a 5-digit add-on, called an EAN-5, that contains the price of the book. The first digit is a 5 and is a must for scanners to read. The 4-digits after the five indicates the price of the book.For example, if the number reads 52995, this means the price of the book is set at $29.95. If the price of the book changes, a new barcode must be used, though the ISBN wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t change.This would only be replaced by a new ISBN number if the book is published as a new edition or as a new version.To buy a barcode you must first purchase an ISBN. You can buy your barcodes at Bowker and they even offer a barcode-ISBN combo:1 barcode + 1 ISBN is $150.1 barcode + 10 ISBNs is $320.The Difference Between ASIN and ISBNIf youÃ¢â¬â¢ve used AmazonÃ¢â¬â¢s Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP) program youÃ¢â¬â¢ve probably come across an ASIN. ASIN numbers are used by Amazon to manage and identify the products they are selling on their site. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a 10-character alphanumeric unique identifier thatÃ¢â¬â¢s assigned by Amazon.com and its partners.You can find this on your book page. In your browser, the Amazon ASIN will be after the productÃ¢â¬â¢s name and Ã¢â¬Å"dpÃ¢â¬ . The next place to find this is in your book or product details area of your book page.However, an ASIN is not the same as an ISBN. You can only use it with Amazon. If you want to sell through other platforms or in brick and mortar stores, youÃ¢â¬â¢r e going to need an ISBN.Reasons Self-Published Authors Need an ISBNIf you want to publish and sell your eBook on Amazon, then the quick answer is no, it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessary. Amazon will assign your eBook an ASIN number which will be used to identify and track your title.However, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s only with Amazon, and only with eBooks.If you want your readers to get a hold of a print version of your book, then youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to need an ISBN.This might be important if you have a brick and mortar marketing strategy, or if you want your book to be accessible through libraries (more on this later), or if youÃ¢â¬â¢re looking to deal with wholesalers or other online retailers.HereÃ¢â¬â¢s a simple rule of thumb: if you want to sell your book by means other than as an ebook on Amazon, then youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need an ISBN.How do I buy an ISBN Number?You might not even have to buy your ISBN number because of services offered toself-published authors. You can get assigned a free ISBN by Cre atespace, the On-Demand publishing company that has now merged with Amazon.You can also get an ISBN when dealing with a whole host of On-Demand or self-publishing companies, like Draft2Digital, Smashwords or IngramSpark, and even Lulu.If you can get a free or cheap ISBN with them, then whatÃ¢â¬â¢s the use in paying for your own one?HereÃ¢â¬â¢s the problem: most of the time, you can only use those free ISBNs with the channels those companies distribute through.LetÃ¢â¬â¢s say you get a free ISBN with Draft2Digital, but then you notice that there are some retail channels you can access through Smashwords that you canÃ¢â¬â¢t with Draft2Digital.You canÃ¢â¬â¢t use the Draft2Digital ISBN with Smashwords.Smashwords will only let you use your own ISBN or an ISBN they assign to you. So what do you do?You get a free ISBN with Smashwords.And now you have two ISBNs for the same book. Same book title, same book format, but two ISBNs.You then hear of some exclusive channels you can get t hrough eBookPartnership. The only wrinkle? You need an ISBN and they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t take your SmashwordsÃ¢â¬â¢ or Draft2DigitalÃ¢â¬â¢s ISBN. So you sign up for their free ISBN instead.Now you have three ISBNs for the same book.The Problem with Multiple ISBNsThis problem can repeat itself again and again as you discover more ways to distribute your book. Sometimes youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to pay for the ISBN, sometimes you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t. But it leads to you having several ISBNs, all from different publishers, for the same book.Can you picture how unprofessional that looks to a bookstore?WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t it have been easier to start off by buying your own ISBN? WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t that make you look more professional?On top of this, each of those free ISBNs identifies the self-publishing company as a publisher. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the equivalent of using your business email address as [emailprotected] or [emailprotected] instead of [emailprotected] (assuming youÃ¢â¬â¢re named Matt).Not only does this make you look unprofessional, but there are some stores that will refuse to stock your book on this basis. If you have a CreateSpace ISBN, there are a number of bookstores that will refuse to carry your book. All of these issues can be sidestepped by simply purchasing your own ISBN through Bowker.Libraries and ISBN NumbersWe briefly mentioned that if you want to stock your book in libraries, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need an ISBN. However, that might be the furthest thing from your mind. You might have decided to focus purely on eBook publishing and what part do libraries play in eBooks?A big one. Libraries are becoming more important to the distribution of eBooks. OverdriveÃ is the largest supplier to schools and libraries in the world (serving more than 30,000), and they circulated more than 105 million eBooks in 2014, a 33% increase from their previous year. They also supply to retail stores globally, making $100 million in sales in 2013.And guess what you need to be able to partner with Overdrive? Yup. An ISBN.Howto get an ISBNISBNs are free in many countries, provided either by the government or a publicly administered branch. However, in the US and the UK, ISBN numbers are administered by Bowker and Nielsen respectively and require you to pay.If youÃ¢â¬â¢re located outside the USA you can find out your local ISBN Agency here. While ISBNs are assigned locally, you can use them internationally.If you live in the USA, you have to get an ISBN through myidentifiers.com, run by Bowker, the only company that is authorized to administer the ISBN program in the United States. You can purchase ISBNs as a single unit or in bulk of 10, 100 or 1000.How to Register Your Book and ISBN NumberAs soon as you purchase your ISBN through Bowker or the International equivalent in your local area, and you publish your book, you should register here at Bowkerlink.This is an automated tool that will add your book to BowkerÃ¢â¬â¢s Books In Print and Global Books In Print.I recommend y ou download the free PDF Ã¢â¬Å"ISBN Guides: Title Set Up RegistrationÃ¢â¬ with step-by-step instructions on setting up your title.How Many ISBN Numbers To GetSo how many ISBNs should you get?First off letÃ¢â¬â¢s clarify a few common mistakes:You can only use an ISBN once. The ISBN is a unique number for that particular book, and can be assigned once, and only once, to that title. It canÃ¢â¬â¢t be used with any other book in the future, even second versions of the same book.You donÃ¢â¬â¢t need an ISBN to sell in each individual country. ISBNs are international, they are just assigned locally. A US-based publisher can purchase their ISBN through Bowker, but can stock their book worldwide using that ISBN.You need an ISBN for every specific format of the book and any new versions. Want to sell your book in print, as an eBook, and also as an audiobook? ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s great, however, you need a different ISBN for each one. If you want to publish a revised and updated version you Ã¢â¬â¢ll also need a new ISBN. (This doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t cover fixing some typos and errors).If you create a series of books you canÃ¢â¬â¢t use the same ISBN for them. You can use the same ISSN, however. Many fiction and nonfiction authors have an ISSN number assigned to their book series. ISSN stands for International Standard Series Numberand can be purchased from the Library of Congress. However, each book in the series will need its own ISBN.We mentioned that in the USA you can buy ISBNs as a single unit, a bulk of 10, 100 or 1000. Here are the prices:Number of ISBNsCost1$12510$295100$575First off, it rarely makes sense to purchase a single ISBN. A single ISBN would cost you $125, but a bulk of 10 only costs $295. Meaning if you purchased 10, each ISBN would cost you $29.50, a 76% discount.Buying a single ISBN might seem feasible if you only want to publish one title, but remember that you need an ISBN for each format. So if you want to publish your book as an audiobook, youÃ¢â¬ â¢d need a brand new ISBN for that. As well as needing different ISBN numbers for your eBook and print versions.Not to mention that youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need an ISBN number for any future books you publish, perhaps as sequels to your book.We recommend that if youre serious about making book sales, you should purchase at least a bulk of 10 ISBNs. That gives you 3 ISBN numbers to use for publishing as an eBook, in print, and as an audiobook. You can keep the remainder for any future books you might publish.How to Get an ISBN final stepsNow that you have a very good idea how to buy and use ISBNs for your own books, all the best on setting this up. If you want to be recognized as a publisher and have your books available to a larger global audience by registering through Bowker, consider investing in your own ISBN numbers.Think of it as buying a piece of property: You own it and it is registered in your name.For more information, you can find out anything you want to know by visiting the offi cial Bowker page or at myidentifiers.comHereÃ¢â¬â¢s a simple actionable checklist for ISBNs.To buy an ISBN for your next book, here is what you should do:Go to the website https://www.myidentifiers.comUnder the ISBN drop down tab, click on ISBNs- Buy Here. You can select 1, 10 or 100. For a bulk purchase, go to Ã¢â¬Å"Buying ISBNs in BulkÃ¢â¬ and you can contact Bowker directly to discuss your options.Once you have your ISBN assigned, you can then use it everywhere that requires your ISBN number.At Createspace, under the Ã¢â¬Å"SetupÃ¢â¬ channel, you can choose to have Createspace assign you an ISBN. When you buy your own ISBN at Bowker, just put in the 13-digit number and Createspace will use this in your paperback.If you publish your paperback through KDP (Kindle Direct Publishing), you can fill in your number in the Ã¢â¬Å"Paperback ContentÃ¢â¬ section of your book when you log into your bookshelf. If you choose to have Createspace assign you an ISBN, KDP will ask for your 13-digit number if you are transferring your physical version over to KDP.Register your ISBN here at Bowker as soon as your book is ready for sale. Download the free ISBN Guides: Title Set Up Registration step-by-step guide.ISBN Links ResourcesThese links appeared throughout the post but here they are for easy access.International ISBN Agency https://www.isbn-international.orgISBN.org by Bowker https://www.isbn.org/faqs_general_questionsBowkerlink Publisher Access System https://commerce.bowker.com/corrections/common/home.aspBowker Identifier Services https://www.myidentifiers.comU.S. Copyright Office https://www.copyright.govISBN Set Up GuideISBN Guides: Basic Information
Monday, February 24, 2020
Economcs - Essay Example The company is especially famous for its contribution of the assembly line, granting the mass production of automobiles by 1913 (Ford motor, n.d.). For decades, it remained to be the second largest automaker worldwide, only behind General Motors (Freysennet, 1998). Today Ford has major operations in America, Asia Pacific Africa, and Europe. It used to manufacture diverse car and truck brands, to wit, Ford, Lincoln, Mazda, Jaguar, Aston Martin, Volvo, Land Rover and Mercury (Freysennet, 1998). Recently, however, it is streamlining (though less than an overhauling) its global and domestic approach to avert unwanted outcomes. Ford sold off Jaguar, Aston Martin, Land Rover, Volvo; and conclusive in ceasing the production of Mercury by the end of this year (Weaver, 2010). Threat of Substitutes. Automobiles give the end-users a sense of individuality which other modes of transportation (e.g. trains, and buses) donÃ¢â¬â¢t inherently offer. However this doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t give them an entire advantage. Owning private vehicles doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t only involve a costly purchase but also entails a probably costly responsibility as well in sustaining its usability mainly in times like repairing damaged parts/areas, or supplying gasoline. Moreover, in a global perspective, people are culturally and/or socially distinct (Bradley, et al., 2005). Not all people find automobiles a commodity. Thus, the threat of substitutes is only fair and varies greatly in different geographic market locations. Rivalry between Established Competitors. Though the oligopolistic structure of the automotive industry should partly eliminate price-based competition, the concentration ratios could no longer disguise the ongoing competition (Bradley, et al., 2005). This may not even be some sleazy plan to reinforce competition but a by-product of the economic slumps such that companies ultimately attempted to generate maximum sales to finance its operations. With Honda, Toyota,
Friday, February 7, 2020
Developing Performance and Career Management in Talent Management - Essay Example Performance examination serves to rate the performance of the employees and assess their commitment towards the organizational objectives. Assuming that the methodology of performance evaluations is formal and legitimately organized, it helps the employees to obviously comprehend their parts and obligations and provide guidance to the singular's performance. It serves to arrange the distinct performances with the organizational objectives and likewise supervise their performance. Performance appraisal takes into account the past performance of the employees and focuses on the improvement of the future performance of the employees. Performance appraisal is a piece of vocation advancement. The most recent mantra being emulated by associations over the planet being Ã¢â¬â "get paid as per your performance" Ã¢â¬â the center of the associations is turning to performance management and particularly to singular performance. Performance appraisal serves to rate the performance of the em ployees and assess their commitment towards the organizational objectives. ... Performance appraisal is likewise nearly joined to other HR courses of action like serves to recognize the preparation and improvement needs, advancements, downgrades, changes in the recompense and so on. A sentiment imparted in a positive way heads off far to rouse the employees and serves to recognize singular profession developmental arrangements. In light of the assessment, employees can advance their profession objectives, accomplish new levels of capabilities and outline their vocation movement. Performance appraisal sways employees to strengthen their qualities and beat their shortcomings. Career development is the amassing and growth of abilities and information that empower an expert to development or develop in the field of his or her decision. This can take the manifestation of instructive or scholastic courses, proficient affirmation and preparing, or commonsense, at work experience. In the field of mechanical building, one of the keys to career development is affirmation , a transportable impression of the way that a distinctive has accomplished a certain aptitude level. Performance appraisal & career development incorporates the territory of career development, which is an amazingly fascinating and essential region of word related brain research and one which offers an extraordinary arrangement of work fulfillment. Career development and performance appraisal might be more serious for associations and their employees when every framework draws on the quality of the other Ã¢â¬â the "now" introduction of performance appraisal and "what's to come" introduction of career development. To fulfill this commonly fortifying process, the two frameworks must be seen as helping the same objective Ã¢â¬â talent
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
A Tale of Two Cities Essay Does strong devotion overpower the will of a good heart? Ernest Defarge, a character in A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens, is no more than a puppet to his wife. Though he does not like the idea of killing innocent people just because they are aristocrats, he refuses to speak up due to fear of confrontation with his wife. Due to his background and life as a slave, Defarge, like many other revolutionaries, dislikes the aristocracy, and has some desire to get revenge. However, he does not truly want these desires to build to the extent that the revolution got to. Ernest Defarge is a man with a good heat, driven to be a catalyst to the revolutionary acts by his strong devotion to the two things he cares about most: his country, and his wife. Paragraph 1: Though many may not see it behind all the terrible things he has done, Ernest Defarge really does have a good heart. Ernest Defarge shows compassion my comforting Gaspard, saying, Be a brave man, my Gaspard! It is better for the poor little plaything to die so, than to live. It has died in a moment without pain. Could it have lived an hour as happily? Defarge didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to make an effort to help him out, but he does. This random act of kindness shows that he does in fact have a good side to him. After the child is run over, the Marquis throws a coin out of the carriage, thinking he can pay for the childÃ¢â¬â¢s life, and in return he is Ã¢â¬Å"suddenly disturbed by a coin flying into his carriageÃ¢â¬ . In this action of throwing the coin back, which is believed to be done by Monsieur Defarge, shows his dislike to the aristocracy, and foreshadows the fact that he will take a stand against it for the good of his country and its people. Monsieur DefargeÃ¢â¬â¢s personality differentiates from this sense of kindness when he barks orders at the revolutionaries such as, Ã¢â¬Å"Patriots and friends, we are ready! The Bastille! (214). In opposition to his good heart, Defarge is also the leader of the Revolution. In this part of the book, he, and his fellow revolutionaries, destroy The Bastille, and everything else that happens to be in their path. This completely contradicts the compassion shown from Ernest Defarge earlier in the book, but also shows that there may be something behind his madness. Monsieur Defarge also happens to be an old servant to Dr. Manette, and cares deeply for him, but when it comes to choosing between helping the Doctor, or helping his country, DefargeÃ¢â¬â¢s great devotion to France towers over his feelings towards Manette. Do the square thingy with this quote * Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦In a hole in the chimney, where a stone has been worked out and replaced, I find a written paper. This is that written paper. I have made it my business to examine some specimens of the writing of Doctor Manette. This is the writing of Doctor Manette. I confide this paper, in the writing of Doctor Manette, to the hands of the President.Ã¢â¬ This note he found, is of Manette Ã¢â¬Å"(add quote where he condems darnay)Ã¢â¬ Even though he deeply cared for Manette, he would do anything, literally anything, to help the people of his country. He believes that sentencing Darnay to death is the right thing to do for France, and since he believes that, he will do everything in his power to make it happen. Defarge knew how bad this would hurt Doctor Manette, since Darnay was the DoctorÃ¢â¬â¢s son-in-law, but it was his and his wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s duty to kill all aristocrats, therefore he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t show and mercy. Defarge would even hurt a friend, in order to do what he thinks will help his country. Paragraph 4:Ã Even though it is kind of hard to see at first, Madame Defarge seems to have a great deal of power over her husband. Ã¢â¬Å"As to theeÃ¢â¬ , pursued madame, implacably, addressing her husband, Ã¢â¬Å"if if depended on thee-which, happily, it does not, thou wouldst rescue this man even nowÃ¢â¬ Even though Monsieur Defarge wants to help Charles Darnay, she wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t allow it. He wanted to help out the ManetteÃ¢â¬â¢s and save Darnay, but after the revolutionaries were informed on what the EvermondÃ¢â¬â¢s did to Madame DefargeÃ¢â¬â¢s family, he was the only one who wanted to show mercy. Due to the fear of confrontation with his wife, he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t speak of saving Darnay again. Ernest Defarge, from A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is portrayed as a great leader to the revolutionaries, but in reality, he is merely a puppet, with Madame Defarge as his puppeteer. Devotion can be a strong thing, sometimes so strong that it can lock up the kindness of a good heart, and throw away the key.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The Coagulation of the Paper Cutlets The formation of a community is based on at least one commonality. Various communities intersect because, as complex individuals, humans have an exponential range of interests. However, the maintenance of the links within and between these communities is also dependent upon these commonalties. Therefore, a few peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s interest in theatre has significant effects upon their wider community. Community Theatre is a convocation and celebration of shared talents. The complexity and vibrancy of the tapestry it produces is also a reflection of the diversity of its creators. This paper explores the evolution of community theatreÃ¢â¬â¢s reparative role within its community. For the English playwright, John McGrath, theatre is not restricted to or by art but is capable of traversing departmental boundaries. McGrath proposes that theatreÃ¢â¬â¢s role in the society is one of class-conscious political activism. In his lecture Ã¢â¬Å"Theatre and Democracy,Ã¢â¬ McGrath explains that Western society is governed by representative democracy infested with personal and political hubris. He is adamant that Ã¢â¬Å"every crime a nation can commit is excused by false claims to democracyÃ¢â¬ ¦Throughout the twentieth century, democracy has been universally acceptable, authenticating concept in the pursuit of public relations, and the most abused system in reality. (21)Ã¢â¬ Social critic Cornelius Castoriadis also denounces this form of democracy: Ã¢â¬Å"What is this theological mystery, this alchemic operation that makes of your sovereignty, one day every five years, a fluid that spreads over an entire country, enters into the ballot boxes, and comes out again that same evening on the television screen, on the faces of the Ã¢â¬Ërepresentatives of th... ... College. The communityÃ¢â¬â¢s support of the Players and their plans is not limited to monetary donations and play attendance. They give of their time and professional expertise. Members of the community including children and older folk turned up on Saturday May 19, 2001 to help gut the interior of the building. Recently in the buy-a-brick fundraiser, members of the community were asked to buy one of the bricks covering the stained glass windows. The Middlebury Players are planning to do Little Shop of Horrors in the Spring. The Middlebury Community Theatre fulfills its role as a builder and sustainer of community through its many musicals and childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s shows, as well as through the renovation of its theatre building. Works Cited McGrath, John. Ã¢â¬Å"Theatre and Democracy.Ã¢â¬ European Studies: A Journal of European Culture, History and Politics.17 December 2001:19-35 The Coagulation of the Paper Cutlets -- Art Arts Theatre Theater Commu The Coagulation of the Paper Cutlets The formation of a community is based on at least one commonality. Various communities intersect because, as complex individuals, humans have an exponential range of interests. However, the maintenance of the links within and between these communities is also dependent upon these commonalties. Therefore, a few peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s interest in theatre has significant effects upon their wider community. Community Theatre is a convocation and celebration of shared talents. The complexity and vibrancy of the tapestry it produces is also a reflection of the diversity of its creators. This paper explores the evolution of community theatreÃ¢â¬â¢s reparative role within its community. For the English playwright, John McGrath, theatre is not restricted to or by art but is capable of traversing departmental boundaries. McGrath proposes that theatreÃ¢â¬â¢s role in the society is one of class-conscious political activism. In his lecture Ã¢â¬Å"Theatre and Democracy,Ã¢â¬ McGrath explains that Western society is governed by representative democracy infested with personal and political hubris. He is adamant that Ã¢â¬Å"every crime a nation can commit is excused by false claims to democracyÃ¢â¬ ¦Throughout the twentieth century, democracy has been universally acceptable, authenticating concept in the pursuit of public relations, and the most abused system in reality. (21)Ã¢â¬ Social critic Cornelius Castoriadis also denounces this form of democracy: Ã¢â¬Å"What is this theological mystery, this alchemic operation that makes of your sovereignty, one day every five years, a fluid that spreads over an entire country, enters into the ballot boxes, and comes out again that same evening on the television screen, on the faces of the Ã¢â¬Ërepresentatives of th... ... College. The communityÃ¢â¬â¢s support of the Players and their plans is not limited to monetary donations and play attendance. They give of their time and professional expertise. Members of the community including children and older folk turned up on Saturday May 19, 2001 to help gut the interior of the building. Recently in the buy-a-brick fundraiser, members of the community were asked to buy one of the bricks covering the stained glass windows. The Middlebury Players are planning to do Little Shop of Horrors in the Spring. The Middlebury Community Theatre fulfills its role as a builder and sustainer of community through its many musicals and childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s shows, as well as through the renovation of its theatre building. Works Cited McGrath, John. Ã¢â¬Å"Theatre and Democracy.Ã¢â¬ European Studies: A Journal of European Culture, History and Politics.17 December 2001:19-35
Monday, January 13, 2020
During the colonial period early American settlers came up with the idea to bring African natives overseas to America and use them as slaves. The white man was higher up than the black man in society at the time because of the color of his skin. Americans consider this the biggest blight on our history. The shame of this period in our history still continues today for many whites, but many blacks still feel angry and oppressed. With the election of our first black president, we are really showing how anything is possible here in America and that it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter what color or ethnicity you are.Slavery finally came to an end in 1865. By this time slaves were escaping and fleeing north where many people were against slavery. African American Scholar Michael Eric Dyson once said Ã¢â¬Å"The effect of slavery continues to exert its brutal influence in the untold sufferings of millions of everyday folk. Ã¢â¬ Basically Dyson is saying that slavery has and still is currently effec ting everyday people today specifically blacks. If you were to drive through any city today I believe that the effects of slavery are very clear in housing, jobs, and schooling.The white man is still known as the high-class while the black man still struggles. Take a drive through the ghettos and projects and most of the people you will see are minorities including African Americans. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Ethnic MythÃ¢â¬ , Stephen Steinberg writes, Ã¢â¬Å"ghettos are nothing less than the shameful residue of slavery. Ã¢â¬ Many scholars blame slavery for the pathologies in the black community such as homelessness, single-parent households, and youth violence. More radical views claim, Ã¢â¬Å"Slavery is a constant reminder of what whites in America might do. Now I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t go as far as Mr. Steinberg and say that Ã¢â¬Å"ghettos are nothing less than the shameful residue of slaveryÃ¢â¬ , but they do resemble, in a small way, how life was around slavery. Some argue that African her itage was passed on, through the generations as one form of rebellion against then oppression brought by slavery. African American culture today is made up of religion, music, family and art, and it is a fact that African American culture has influenced white culture in many ways.One of the most historical cases in African American history is Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. Basically this case is a consolidation of several different cases from Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware. Several black children sought admission to public schools that required or permitted segregation based on race. The plaintiffs alleged that segregation was unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. In all but one case, a three judge federal district court cited Plessy v.Ferguson (an earlier civil rights case that segregated races on trains) in denying relief under the Ã¢â¬Å"separate but equal doctrine. Ã¢â¬ On appeal to the Supreme Court, the plaintiffs co ntended that segregated schools were not and could not be made equal and that they were therefore deprived of equal protection of the laws. This case broke the first segregation barrier in African American history. The base issue of the case was that: is the race-based segregation of children into Ã¢â¬Å"separate but equalÃ¢â¬ public schools constitutional? The final ruling of this case was: No.The race-based segregation of children into Ã¢â¬Å"separate but equalÃ¢â¬ public schools violates the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment and is unconstitutional. This made lead way for the future black and civil rights activists such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa parks. Slavery caused this whole debate and if we never had anyone stand up for their rights, this whole world would be a mess. Martin Luther King Jr. once said Ã¢â¬Å"Faith is taking the first step even when you donÃ¢â¬â¢t see the whole staircaseÃ¢â¬ Martin Luther King Jr. ived by what he said and looking at his life you can see that he took many blind steps towards the dark all for civil rights. He changes society in ways only imaginable and led a life of love, peace, and protest. It cannot be disputed that slavery has affected our culture today, both black and white. Although 145 years may seem like a long time, the wounds of slavery on America are not yet healed and our country is still young and the passage of time will bring change, as it historically does. We can only hope that all of us as a country work towards a future as one without oppression.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Abstract Although these two great minds of psychology have two different theories on how we as humans develop and learn, they have many similarities. I feel after researching and reading that the two psychologist lives themselves can provide more to the study of psychology and social view. I feel that their theories showed the contrast in ways of their social environment. Vygotsky being of the Russian Empire and the background of the Soviet Union that shows much determination to grow and individualize. And Piaget from the Western capitalist and the individualistic society in which he was raised. Their views can be sat next to each social environment and the thoughts that come from them can be seen in their own cultures on goings. I think that from this you will have a better grasp not only of the theories of the two individuals but a better grasp of the individuals themselves and their cultures they grew up in. Table of Contents Abstract 2 Great Minds born in 1896 the life and theories of two psychologists in cognitive development 5 1896 6 Jean Piaget 6 Albino Sparrow 6 PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s Theories 7 Marriage and children 8 Piagets cognitive theory 9 Lev Vygotsky 10 Ã¢â¬Å"Mental ToolsÃ¢â¬ 11 Zone of Proximal Development 12 The Ã¢â¬Å"More Knowledgeable Other (MKO)Ã¢â¬ 12 Compare and Contrast 13 Conclusion 15 Works Cited 16 Great Minds born in 1896 the life and theories of two psychologists in cognitive development Ã¢â¬Å"The principle goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women whoShow MoreRelatedInterview With The Personality Theorist1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSigmund Freud, and his daughter, Anna Freud. In addition, each theorist will explain what impact they believe their work has had on psychology as they see it today. 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